Know your car

The Wheels and Tyres

Wheels and Tyres. Wheels A wheel must be strong enough to resist the many forces acting upon it but light enough to allow it to be steered. A wheel reduces friction by rolling and when 2 are used in conjunction with an axle allows the carrying of heavy load. Load is...

The Seat and Seat Belts

The Seats and Seat Belts The Seat. Proper adjustment of the car seat is fundamental to effective use of the controls. The seat along with the seat belt and headrest is critical to safety. There are two types of seat, bench and bucket. Seating is normally set facing...

The Doors and Glass

The Doors and Glass. The Doors. Provide for the entry and exit and security of your car. Some vehicles can be set up so the doors lock once the vehicle has started moving. Their shape and method of opening are part of the overall styling of the car and they are part...

The Ancillary Controls

The Ancillary Controls These help in driver comfort and the driving task. The driver’s seat adjustments are the key to effective use of these and any other controls. Not too close and not too far.  Washer and Wipers. As soon as you have a windscreen you need a...

Signals and Lights Type and Use

Signals and Lights. If glass and mirrors are for taking information, signals and lights are for the giving of information. Signals should only be given if another road user would benefit. They should help not harm. Unnecessary signals are information clutter. Signals...

The Mirrors Type and Use

The Mirrors. The mirrors along with the car's windows are for the taking of information. You need to know what is happening behind you in order to be safe and offer information to other road users. The process of using your mirrors will by virtue of your field of...

The Steering System and Method

The Steering.   Is the directional control of your vehicle. The wheel is always set to the side of the vehicle which is towards the middle of the road. This will give you a better view of the road ahead and a respect for the oncoming vehicle. By working through...

The Clutch and Gears

The Clutch and Gears. Torque is the power in an engine and horsepower is the speed in the engine. The gears are the means of changing torque into horsepower or power into speed. For any given engine speed it is your choice of gear that determines the speed and power...

The Braking System

The Braking. Most vehicles will have 2 types of braking systems. The Hand brake. This is sometimes known as the Parking Brake and is used to secure the vehicle when stationary. It does this by a mechanical system that locks the rear wheels. For this reason it should...

Accelerating

The Accelerator The accelerator controls the supply of fuel to the engine and hence the speed or the power of the vehicle. The vehicle itself is at it most stable (normally the safest) when under a constant acceleration in a straight line. Acceleration sense is the...