Passengers and Carrying Loads


To know and understand the responsibilities that you have to any passengers and how to safely carry any loads


To know how to transport passengers and loads safely and understand the rules around carrying passengers and loads


To know

  • Your responsibility when carrying passengers or loads in your car
  • The rules concerning seatbelts on passengers
  • Your responsibilities when carrying pets in your car
  • How to safely carry loads inside and outside of your car

Carrying passengers

child in car seat

As the driver it is your responsibility to ensure that any passenger under 14 years old is wearing a seat belt or approved child restraint.

All passengers aged above 14 must wear a seatbelt if they are fitted to the car. Each passenger must have a seat and seatbelt each and you must not carry more passengers than your car has seats. Children must not sit on the laps of or share seatbelts with other passengers.

If you have children as passengers then child safety door locks must be used if they are fitted.

Rear facing child seats must not be used in a seat protected by an airbag. This would normally apply to the front passenger seat. If you open the passenger door there is normally a on/off to the side on the door.

Always ensure all doors are securely closed before starting your car. This can usually be checked by looking for:

  • Warning light on the dashboard
  • The interior light staying on after the engine is started
  • The sides of the car in the side mirrors not being smooth

Carrying Loads

Heavily loaded vehicle

As the driver it is your responsibility to ensure your car is not overloaded.

Never exceed the weight limit for your car. This can be dangerous and your car will use more fuel.

Any load you are carrying:

  • Must be fastened securely
  • Must not obstruct your view
  • Must not stick out dangerously from your car

If you regularly carry loads consider purchasing a specially designed roof box. This will save on fuel costs and hold extra loads securely.

Cycle racks are available to carry bicycles on your car. These will hold bicycles securely. If a cycle rack is mounted to the rear of your car always ensure that the number plates and car lights are clearly visible.

Carrying loads inside the car

Any objects inside your car must be secured safely. It is preferable to put any packages in the boot of your car rather than in the main car.

If items need to be carried inside the car always make sure they will not move if you have to brake or turn suddenly.

Always ensure:

  • Any large or heavy object is strapped down with the seat belt
  • Any object inside the car is not obstructing your vision
  • Never place any item in the drivers footwell and ensure any items lose on the cars floor cannot roll around the vehicle
  • Any large weights are distributed evenly
  • Allow for a larger stopping distance if carrying lots of weight

When carrying pets or animals in your car always make sure they are secured safely.

Dog in car

Dogs should be strapped in with a special harness or travel behind a grille. This is to prevent them moving around the car and stop them hurting themselves or others in the car if you need to brake suddenly.

Other animals should be carried in cages or special carry boxes and secure with the seatbelt.

Never have any unsecured animals inside a moving car.


Car and trailer

Once you have passed your driving test, you can tow a small trailer (under 750kg maximum) without having to take an additional test.

Always make sure any trailer is loaded correctly and does not exceed the maximum weight allowed.

If a trailer begins to swerve as you are towing it ease off the accelerator and reduce speed gently. This can often be avoided by distributing weight evenly before setting off.


Always make sure any passengers are wearing their seatbelts before you begin any journey. (Remember that as the driver you are legally responsible for any passengers under the age of 14.)

Make sure any items in your car are secure and loaded evenly. If possible carry items securely in the boot or consider a roof box.

Make sure any pets are securely strapped in or are in appropriate carriers or behind a grill.

Never overload your car with items or passengers.

You should know how to:

  • Carry passengers and the seat belt rules
  • Carry loads inside and outside of your car
  • Deal with trailers

Further Reading:

The Highway Code Rule(s): 99-102

Driving The Essential Skills: Section(s) 2

On your driving test:

This will be covered on your theory test.